The vigorexia, also known as Adonis Complex, reverse anorexia or muscle dysmorphia, is a psychological disorder in which the individual obsessed with their appearance physics to reach the point of being considered pathological, although it is not considered a disease.
People who suffer from vigorexia often have a false and distorted vision of themselves, seeing themselves in the mirror as skinny, weak and low-muscled people.
For these reasons, this disorder directly influences the lifestyle, diet and physical activities carried out by the person, causing them to withdraw from any type of social relationship with friends, family and loved ones. These patients are usually young men, aged between 18 and 35 years.
Vigorexia is considered a disorder of the modern era, which has been increasing with the current fever of social networks and it is important to note that today there is an excessive cult towards bodily beauty and an obsession with health understood as perfection.
The obsession with training is not the only thing that characterizes people with vigorexia, to this is added the excessive intake of proteins, carbohydrates and the abusive consumption of substances such as anabolic steroids, in order to increase muscle mass so that this shape can look bigger and stronger.
Causes of vigorexia
As it is a psychological disorder, it is normal that it is related to the social and family environment that surrounds the patient. In addition, cultural and educational factors are involved. In some cases it has been thought to be caused by hormonal and neurotransmitter disorders.
· Low Self-esteem: the patient has a wrong perception about himself, they generally see themselves as less than others. In the case of Vigorexia, the individual qualifies himself as weaker and less muscular than the others.
· Self-medication: individuals with vigorexia have a tendency to take medications that help increase muscle mass
· Dietary modifications: it is common for patients to eat diets that are high in protein and carbohydrates and reduce their consumption of lipids or fats.
· Steroids: the use of anabolic steroids is very common in this group of people, these substances increase the size of the muscle and pose great danger to the health of the individual.
· Self-evaluation: the patient is obsessed with worship or admiration for his body, he usually spends much of the day continuously looking in the mirror, looking for defects in his body, in addition to this they weigh themselves repeatedly.
· Training: day by day, they dedicate their free time to exaggerated training and
· Isolation: In general, patients with vigorexia tend to isolate themselves socially. They are unable to develop friendly, family, and social relationships because all their time is invested in training.
All this resulting in a disproportionate body and despite this, the patient cannot feel satisfied with himself.
· Physical injuries: there are injuries that can be caused by excessive physical activity and exercise, such as muscle tears, muscle fatigue, sprains, fractures when performing bad movements or simply by excess of it. It is also common for joint injuries to be generated, especially in the joints of the lower limbs, which receive all the weight of the body.
· Eating disorder: in general, people with vigorexia maintain diets in which they consume large amounts of protein and carbohydrates that in the long run could cause kidney and cardiovascular damage.
· Steroids: the administration of steroids in these patients is usually obsessive since with these they manage to see a marked growth of the muscles, but at the same time these substances can affect the health of the patient, causing cardiovascular diseases, liver or kidney injuries, erectile dysfunction, testicular atrophy and prostate cancer, fluid retention. In addition to the appearance of acne and menstrual problems in women.
The treatment of this pathology is based on psychological therapy since this is where the root of this problem lies. For this reason, it is essential that the patient go to the psychologist as soon as possible and, as in the case of other emotional disorders and eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, the support of loved ones is essential for improvement.
It is important to control the time the patient spends in the gym or doing physical activity, and substitute this activity for others that benefit and distract the patient, in which they interact with other people and thus feel included in society again.
The psychological treatment should go hand in hand with the nutritional treatment, the intake of protein drinks and the use of steroids should be avoided.
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